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應急管理部全面履職一周年做了什么取得哪些成績澎湃新聞
2020-01-06 22:40  www.katninews.com

  應急管理是國家治理體系和治理能力的重要組成部分,承擔防范化解重大安全風險、及時應對處置各類災害事故的重要職責,擔負保護人民群眾生命財產安全和維護社會穩定的重要使命。

Emergency management is an important part of the national governance system and capacity.It undertakes the important responsibility of preventing and defusing major safety risks, responding to and handling all kinds of disasters and accidents in a timely manner, and undertakes the important mission of protecting the lives and property of the people and maintaining social stability.

  這個整合了11個部門的13項職責、被稱為“超級大部”的應急管理部也正在被更多人了解,“烈火英雄”、“全災種大應急”、“火焰藍”等詞匯一年間廣泛傳播……越來越多的人聚焦這一“超級大部”,關注它全面履職一年間做了什么,又取得了哪些成績。

The emergency management department, which incorporates 13 of the 11 departments'responsibilities and is known as the \"super-large\" department, is also being more widely understood, with the words \"fire hero \",\" all-disaster big emergency \",\" flame blue\" widely spread over the year. More and more people are focusing on this \"super-maximum \", focusing on what it has done and achieved over the course of the year.

  2018年4月16日,中共中央政治局常委、國務院副總理韓正出席應急管理部掛牌儀式,并在應急管理部指揮中心調研。新華社記者丁海濤攝

On April 16,2018, Han Zheng, member of the Standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Vice Premier of the State Council, attended the listing ceremony of the Emergency Management Department and investigated it at the Command Center of the Emergency Management Department. Xinhua News Agency reporter Ding Haitao

  復旦大學國際關系與公共事務學院應急管理研究中心執行主任、教授、博士生導師李瑞昌此前接受澎湃新聞采訪時表示,組建應急管理部,公安消防部隊、武警森林部隊轉制,與安全生產等應急救援隊伍一并進入后,有利于集中管理主要救援力量,實現了救援指揮權的相對集中,應急管理機構也有了新定位,明確屬于政府組成部門。

Li Ruichang, executive director, professor and doctoral supervisor of the Center for Emergency Management Research of Fudan University's School of International Relations and Public Affairs, said in a previous interview that the establishment of the emergency management department, the transformation of the public security fire fighting force and the armed police and the forest troops of the armed police, together with the entry of the emergency rescue teams such as safety in production, is conducive to the centralized management of the main rescue forces and the realization of the relative concentration of the rescue command.

  澎湃新聞了解到,國務院總理李克強2019年3月5日作政府工作報告時特別提到,一年來“改革和加強應急管理,及時有效應對重大自然災害,生產安全事故總量和重特大事故數量繼續下降”。

On March 5,2019, Premier Li Keqiang made a special mention of the \"reform and strengthening of emergency management, timely and effective response to major natural disasters, the total number of production safety accidents and the number of serious accidents continue to decline\" in the past year.

  應急管理部副部長孫華山在部組建以來改革和運行情況發布會上介紹稱,組建應急管理部,是以習近平同志為核心的黨中央,立足我國災害事故多發頻發基本國情作出的重大戰略決策。先后整合11個部門的13項職責,其中包括5個國家指揮協調機構的職責,順利完成了機構改革、人員轉隸和公安消防、武警森林2支部隊近20萬人的轉制,新組建了國家綜合性消防救援隊伍,31個省級應急管理廳局全面組建。新時代中國特色應急管理組織體制初步形成。

Sun Huashan, deputy minister of emergency management, introduced at the press conference on reform and operation since the establishment of the ministry that the establishment of the emergency management department is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core and based on the basic national conditions of frequent disasters and accidents in China. It has integrated 13 responsibilities of 11 departments, including the responsibilities of the five state command and coordination agencies.It has successfully completed the institutional reform, the transfer of personnel and the transfer of nearly 200,000 people from the two units of the public security and the armed police and forest. The organization system of emergency management with Chinese characteristics has been initially formed in the new era.

  孫華山曾指出,應急管理部的組建不是多部門、多職責間簡單的“物理相加”,而是要真正發生“化學反應”。2019年9月,在國新辦舉行新時代應急管理事業改革發展情況發布會上,他再次提到了“化學反應”一詞。

Sun Huashan once pointed out that the establishment of the emergency management department is not a simple \"physical combination\" between departments and responsibilities, but a real \"chemical reaction \". In September 2019, at a press conference on the reform and development of the new era's emergency management, he again mentioned the term \"chemical reaction.\"

  孫華山介紹說,為推進“化學反應”過程,應急管理部主要做了四方面工作。第一,努力形成高效統一的指揮體系。從掛牌第一天起,部領導帶頭與機關工作人員一起24小時在崗在位值班備勤。面對多發的重大災害險情,發揮議事協調機構作用,應急管理部牽頭組織各相關部門第一時間集中會商、第一時間調度指揮,實現研判更加快速、決策更加科學。

Sun Huashan said that in order to promote the \"chemical reaction\" process, emergency management department mainly did four aspects of work. First, strive to form an efficient and unified command system. From the first day of listing, the head of the Ministry took the lead with the staff of the agency on duty 24 hours on duty. In the face of multiple major disasters and the role of the deliberative and coordinating body, the emergency management department takes the lead in organizing the relevant departments to concentrate their meetings at the first time and dispatch the command at the first time, so as to realize the study and judgment more quickly and the decision-making more scientific.

  第二,努力形成特色鮮明的應急文化。用“對黨忠誠、紀律嚴明、赴湯蹈火、竭誠為民”四句話方針來教育全系統廣大干部,堅持“生命至上、科學救援”的理念,凝聚精神力量,弘揚吃苦奉獻精神,時刻保持應急狀態,始終做好打硬仗的思想準備。自覺承擔維護人民群眾生命財產安全的神圣使命。

Second, strive to form a distinctive emergency culture. We should use the four-sentence policy of \"loyalty to the Party, strict discipline, fire and fire, and dedication to the people\" to educate cadres throughout the system, adhere to the concept of \"life first and scientific rescue,\" rally spiritual strength, carry forward the spirit of hard work and dedication, maintain a state of emergency at all times, and always prepare for a tough battle. Consciously undertake the sacred mission of safeguarding the lives and property of the people.

  第三,努力實現各類救援力量資源的充分整合。分梯隊設置三方面救援力量,一是近20萬國家綜合性消防救援隊伍人,作為主力軍國家隊。二是生產安全方面的專業救援隊伍,像礦山、危險化學品、隧道等專業的救援隊伍。三是由各類團體和廣大志愿者組成的機動靈活的社會救援力量。這三方面隊伍優勢互補,關鍵時刻統一調度、協同作戰,形成科學高效、強有力的應急力量體系。

Third, efforts should be made to fully integrate the resources of all kinds of rescue forces. Sub-staircase set up three rescue forces, the first is nearly 200,000 national comprehensive fire rescue team, as the main force national team. Second, production safety professional rescue teams, such as mines, dangerous chemicals, tunnels and other professional rescue teams. Third, a flexible social rescue force composed of various groups and volunteers. These three teams complement each other's advantages, and form a scientific, efficient and powerful emergency force system by unified dispatch and coordinated combat at the critical moment.

  第四,努力實現機關干部和工作職能的有機融合。精心編制實施工作職責,科學合理使用干部,公開公正選人用人。在轉隸過程中堅持實事求是,不搞“一刀切”,從有利于維護人民群眾生命財產安全大局出發,針對災害時段變化,分輕重緩急,分步轉隸到位。其間,根據工作磨合實踐,理順了與有關部門的職責劃分,做到“統”“分”結合、“防”“救”結合,應急處置更加科學高效。

Fourth, strive to achieve the organic integration of organ cadres and work functions. Carefully compile and carry out duties and responsibilities, make scientific and rational use of cadres, and make public and fair selection and employment. In the process of transferring, we insist on seeking truth from facts, do not engage in \"one-size-fits-all \", proceed from the overall situation conducive to safeguarding the safety of people's lives and property, and focus on the change of disaster time period, divide priorities, and transfer to Li in place step by step. In the meantime, according to the work running-in practice, straighten out the division of responsibilities with the relevant departments, so as to achieve the combination of \"unified\" and \"sub-division \",\" prevention\" and \"rescue \", and the emergency disposal is more scientific and efficient.

  2019年11月29日,習近平總書記在主持中央政治局就我國應急管理體系和能力建設進行第十九次集體學習時指出,我國是世界上自然災害最為嚴重的國家之一,災害種類多,分布地域廣,發生頻率高,造成損失重。同時,我國各類事故隱患和安全風險交織疊加,易發多發。加強應急管理體系和能力建設是應急管理部成立以來一直面對的任務。

On November 29,2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping, presiding over the 19th collective study of the Central Political Bureau on China's emergency management system and capacity building, pointed out that our country is one of the most serious natural disasters in the world, with many kinds of disasters, wide distribution and high frequency of occurrence, resulting in heavy losses. At the same time, all kinds of accidents in China and safety risks are intertwined and superimposed, prone to multiple. Strengthening the emergency management system and capacity building has been the task of the Department of Emergency Management since its establishment.

  據應急管理部數據,應急管理部全面履職一年以來,2019年實現全年自然災害因災死亡失蹤人口、倒塌房屋數量、直接經濟損失占GDP比重較近5年均值下降25%、57%和24%。全國安全生產形勢總體保持穩定態勢,事故起數和死亡人數分別下降%和%,較大事故、重特大事故起數分別下降%和%。一年間,應急管理部累計組織災害事故視頻會商293次,啟動重特大災害事故響應58次,派出工作組383個。

According to the Department of Emergency Management, the Department of Emergency Management has fully carried out its duties for one year, and in 2019 it has achieved a 25%,57% and 24% decline in the annual average of natural disaster deaths, the number of collapsed houses and direct economic losses in GDP over the past five years. The overall situation in production safety in China has maintained a stable situation, with the number of accidents falling by% and the number of deaths by%, and the number of major accidents and serious accidents by% and%, respectively. During the year, the Ministry of Emergency Management organized 293 video conferences on disaster incidents,58 responses to serious and serious disasters and 383 working groups.

  談及自然災害防治成績的取得,應急管理部副部長鄭國光此前介紹稱,應急管理部自成立之后就承擔起統籌、協調、組織全國防災減災救災的職責,立即組織制定了各個災種的應急預案和工作方案,全體人員進入應急狀態,部黨組成員24小時輪流在崗值班,每一次重大自然災害保證第一時間啟動應急響應,第一時間派出應急救援隊伍,同時把每一次應急響應作為實戰演練,逐步磨合、完善應急處置方案和措施。

Referring to the achievements in the prevention and control of natural disasters, Zheng Guoguang, deputy minister of emergency management, previously said that the emergency management department had assumed the responsibility of overall planning, coordination and organization of disaster prevention and relief throughout the country since its establishment, and immediately formulated emergency plans and work plans for various types of disasters.

  此外,建立了部門聯動機制,發揮國家應對重大自然災害指揮部的作用,加強部門間溝通協調。比如,在應對堰塞湖自然災害中,應急管理部建立了與自然資源部、水利部、能源局等多個部門的聯合會商、協同響應機制,同軍委聯合參謀部也建立了軍地應急救援聯動機制,派出聯合工作組到現場統籌協調救援工作,配合地方黨委政府指揮處置重大災害。前方是聯合工作組,后方是聯合會商、聯合指揮,改變了過去各個部門派工作組、各個部門進行單項的救災救援,把各個部門的資源統籌在一起,進而能夠協同、高效地處置災害。

In addition, a departmental linkage mechanism has been established to give full play to the role of the state headquarters for responding to major natural disasters and to strengthen interdepartmental communication and coordination. For example, in response to the natural disasters in Yansai Lake, the Ministry of Emergency Management has established a joint consultation and coordinated response mechanism with the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Energy Bureau and other departments, and the Joint Staff Department of the Military Commission has also established a joint military-local emergency rescue and coordination mechanism, sending joint working groups to the scene to coordinate the rescue work and cooperate with the local party committee and government to direct the handling of major disasters. The Joint Working Group ahead, followed by joint meetings and joint command, has changed the number of departments in the past to send working groups and departments to carry out individual relief and rescue efforts, integrating the resources of various departments together, thus enabling them to deal with disasters in a coordinated and efficient manner.

  探索建立完善防范救援救災一體化的運行機制。根據災情預判,提前在重點地區、重點部位、重點工程預置救援力量,一旦有事,第一時間應急救援,最大程度減少災害。

To explore and improve the operational mechanism for the integration of prevention, rescue and relief. According to the disaster forecast, in advance in key areas, key parts, key projects preset rescue forces, once something happens, the first time emergency rescue, to minimize disasters.

  澎湃新聞了解到,技術的進步也為自然災害防治提供支持,據介紹,當前遙感衛星監測可視化系統投入試運行,防汛抗旱態勢分析系統初步實現全國氣象、水旱和雨雪冰凍等自然災害動態監測。據澎湃新聞此前報道,12月30日,應急管理部國家自然災害防治研究院在京成立。該研究院是我國第一家國家級自然災害綜合性防治研究院,為推動提升我國自然災害防治能力、推進應急管理體系和能力現代化提供有力支撐。

It was reported that the current remote sensing satellite monitoring and visualization system has been put into trial operation, and the flood prevention and drought relief situation analysis system has initially realized the dynamic monitoring of natural disasters such as meteorology, drought, rain, snow and ice. On December 30, the National Institute of Natural Disaster Prevention and Control of the Ministry of Emergency Management was established in Beijing, according to a previous report. This research institute is the first national comprehensive natural disaster prevention and control institute in China, which provides a strong support for promoting the improvement of China's natural disaster prevention and control capacity and the modernization of emergency management system and capacity.

  此外,在安全生產工作方面,應急管理部于2019年在全國范圍部署開展危險化學品等重點行業領域安全生產集中整治。組織對1474處高風險煤礦開展“體檢”式重點監察,對38處采深超千米礦井進行安全論證,關閉1000處以上不具備安全生產條件非煤礦山(含尾礦庫),深入開展道路交通、建筑施工、煙花爆竹、城市燃氣等其他行業領域隱患排查治理。另推行企業安全生產承諾制,將70多家企業納入安全生產聯合懲戒“黑名單”管理。

In addition, in the work of safety in production, the Ministry of Emergency Management deployed nationwide in 2019 to carry out centralized regulation of production safety in key industries such as hazardous chemicals. The organization conducts \"check-up \"-type key supervision of 1,474 high-risk coal mines, conducts safety verification on 38 mining-deep ultra-kilometer mines, closes more than 1,000 non-coal mines (including tailings reservoirs) that do not have the conditions for safe production, and conducts in-depth investigation and treatment of hidden dangers in road traffic, construction, fireworks, urban gas and other fields. In addition, the implementation of enterprise safety production commitment system, more than 70 enterprises into the safety of joint disciplinary \"blacklist\" management.

  技術方面,實現危險化學品安全生產風險監測預警系統全面應用,列入國家“互聯網 監管”重要示范應用。還出臺《安全生產行政執法與刑事司法銜接工作辦法》、《安全生產責任保險事故預防技術服務規范》,印發化工園區和危險化學品企業風險排查“兩個導則”等辦法意見、實施高危行業領域安全技能提升行動計劃,多渠道推動安全生產事業發展。

Technology, the realization of hazardous chemicals safety production risk monitoring and early warning system comprehensive application, included in the national \"Internet supervision\" important demonstration application. We have also issued the Measures on the Linking of Administrative Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice in Production Safety, the Standard of Technical Services for the Prevention of Accidents in Liability Insurance in Production Safety, the Opinions on the \"Two Guidelines\" for the Risk Investigation of Chemical Industry Parks and Enterprises with Hazardous Chemicals, and the Action Plan for Improving Safety Skills in the Field of High-risk Industries.

  澎湃新聞近日從應急管理部獲悉,為保歲末年初生產安全穩定,16個督查組由各部委領導帶隊,近期赴河北、山西、黑龍江等16個省份開展專項督查。應急管理部相關負責人對湖南省、貴州省等近期安全生產事故發生地對省政府進行約談。

In order to ensure the safety and stability of production at the beginning of the year,16 inspection teams led by various ministries and commissions have recently conducted special inspections in 16 provinces, including Hebei, Shanxi and Heilongjiang. The head of the Ministry of Emergency Management interviewed the provincial government about the recent accidents in production safety in Hunan and Guizhou provinces.

  2018年11月9日,習近平總書記在人民大會堂向國家綜合性消防救援隊伍授旗并致訓詞,標志著一支全新的人民隊伍舉旗定向、踏上征程。一年多來,近20萬名官兵完成身份轉改、職級套改和授銜換裝,首次招錄萬余名消防員已入職培訓,中國消防救援學院掛牌招生,改革轉制的主要任務基本完成,隊伍建設發展取得良好開局。

On November 9,2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping gave a flag and a training speech to the national comprehensive fire rescue team in the Great Hall of the People, marking a brand new people's team to raise the flag and set foot on the journey. In the past year or so, nearly 200,000 officers and men have completed the transformation of their identities, their ranks and ranks, and their ranks have been changed.

  一年的時間里,國家綜合性消防救援隊有效應對和處置山西鄉寧“3?15”和貴州水城“7?23”山體滑坡、山西沁源“3?29”和廣東佛山“12?5”森林火災、四川長寧級地震災害、“利奇馬”超強臺風,以及江蘇響水“3?21”爆炸和四川珙縣“12?14”煤礦透水事故等多起重特大災害事故。特別是今年第9號臺風“利奇馬”,為新中國成立之后登陸我國第五強臺風,風力超強、時間超長、范圍超廣、雨量超大,但與以往強度相近、路徑相似的超強臺風相比,最大程度地降低了災害損失。

In a year's time, the national comprehensive fire rescue team to effectively deal with and deal with Shanxi township Ning \"3? 15\" and Guizhou Water City \"7? 23\" Landslide, Shanxi Qinyuan \"3? 29\" and Guangdong Foshan \"12? Forest Fire, Changning Earthquake of Sichuan Province, Super Typhoon \"Li Qi Ma\" and Xiangshui \"3? 21\" Explosion and Sichuan Gongxian \"12? 14) Coal mine water permeable accidents and many other serious and serious disasters. In particular, Typhoon No.9 of this year, Li Qi Ma, made landfall for the fifth-strongest typhoon in China after the founding of New China.

  一年來,國家綜合性消防救援隊伍共出動指戰員萬人次,營救遇險群眾萬人、疏散萬人,搶救保護財產價值億元。

Over the past year, the state's comprehensive fire-fighting rescue team has dispatched a total of 10,000 troops to rescue the people in distress and evacuate 10,000 people, with the value of saving and protecting property worth 100 million yuan.

  “全災